Heritage of the Stud farm and lipizzan horses

The outstandingness of the Lipica Stud Farm in the field of cultural and natural heritage is based on the following facts:

  • It is the original stud farm of one of the oldest cultural horse breeds – the Lipizzan horse breed,
  • It is the oldest European stud farm breeding a single breed of horse,
  • Its area is the only micro location ensuring optimum conditions for top breeding of Lipizzan horses,
  • It presents a unique atmosphere with individual elements – spatial arrangement, architectural core and cultural landscape which were formed exclusively for the purpose of the basic, original activity – breeding of Lipizzan horses,
  • It has an exceptional development potential in the sense of preserving top breeding of Lipizzan horses worldwide,
  • Its development has an outstanding importance for the international reputation of Slovenia,
  • Protected values of cultural landscape and architectural heritage of the Lipica Stud Farm have a permanent and exclusive function of the original activity of the stud farm – horse breeding and riding.

The Republic of Slovenia is committed to acknowledging the international status of the stud farm as a horse breeding organisation holding the original studbook for the Lipizzan horse.

Natural and cultural heritage

In 1996 the Lipica Stud Farm was declared a cultural monument of outstanding importance for the Republic of Slovenia by adopting the Act on Stud Farm Lipica.

The protected territory of the Lipica Stud Farm, which is as a part of monumental whole under special protection, consists of a cultivated Karst landscape, a herd of horses of Lipizzan breed and the architectural and art heritage.

The territory under monument protection:

  • Karst shaft Lipiško brezno, deep corrosion karst shaft

Areas in nature proposed as natural values:

  • Lipica, pastures and forests,
  • Location of fossils
  • Pekel Cave